Aid through LogFrame

Logical Framework Approach (LogFrame) as a model to improve the use of donation money for regional development. LogFrame is not perfect but even with its weaknesses it is in my opinion the basic mean for programme/project management. There is also other good alternatives as well some upgraded models of LogFrame, but below or from link logical-framework2  one may find the basic matrix of LogFrame idea.


Intervention logic

Objectively verifiable indicators of achievement

Sources and means of verification



What are the overall broader objectives to which the action will contribute?

What are the key indicators related to the overall objectives?

What are the sources of information for these indicators?

Overall assumptions and risks


What specific objective is the action intended to achieve to contribute to the overall objectives?

Which indicators clearly show that the objective of the action has been achieved?

What are the sources of information that exist or can be collected? What are the methods required to get this information?

Which factors and conditions outside the Beneficiary’s responsibility are necessary to achieve that objective? (external conditions) Which risks should be taken into consideration?


The results are the outputs envisaged to achieve the specific objective. What are the expected results? (enumerate them)

What are the indicators to measure whether and to what extent the action achieves the expected results?

What are the sources of information for these indicators?

What external conditions must be met to obtain the expected results on schedule?


What are the key activities to be carried out and in what sequence in order to produce the expected results? (group the activities by result)

Means: What are the means required to implement these activities, e. g. personnel, equipment, training, studies, supplies, operational facilities, etc.

What are the sources of information about action progress?   Costs:  What are the action costs? How are they classified? (breakdown in the Budget for the Action)

What preconditions are required before the action starts?  What conditions outside the Beneficiary’s direct control have to be met for the implementation of the planned activities?

Some improvement can be made applying Logical Framework Approach through the process. LogFrame is used in most EU projects, but individual donors have their preferences. LogFrame describes obejctives, action lines, how individual projects are implementing the objective and how the success can be measured. There is also some flexibility according fed back during implementation. Special need at individual project and local level is also use there Participatory Planning methods so that all stakeholders can commit to actions. These two practice does not remove problems mentioned before but they can make the impact of donor money more desired at destination.

One special application of LogFrame could – in my opinion – be by implementation of R2P (responsibility to protect) principle.  R2P is similar like other development programs or projects. There is identified crisis, problem that should be solved; objectives are defined, outputs, activities, resources (inputs) are planned to achieve immediate and finally overall objectives. This both ways vertical logic should be checked at each level by the horizontal logic specifying result indicators, control methods for achieving results, and the assumptions and risks which will affect outcomes. Thus Logical Framework matrix or LogFrame and its further developed forms should come a normal practice with R2P too.


In my earlier articles I have described some critical examples related to delivery of International projects. More e.g.

DOWNLOAD the manuals/guides by clicking image below:

Guide to The Logical Framework Approach: A Key Tool for Project Cycle Management    (Manual for the preparation of logical framework).


Logical Framework Approach – with appreciative approach (SIDA)


Hints and Suggestions for Grant Application


IPA Glossary



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